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Wednesday, May 13, 2009

Basic Considerations in Macro Photography

Macro photography or also called as close-up photography is one style which takes photographs of objects from a distance of 12 inches or less, oftentimes much less. There are several methods by which macro photography is achieved using digital cameras. One method is to step back from a subject and zoom in with a higher focal lens to create a tight view using the telephoto or zoom magnification. The second method is to get very close to the object and use distance as a way of getting the details of the object. A combination of the two is also possible, if you have a telephoto lens that allows close distance focusing. To achieve the best macro photography, you have to consider first the magnification of your lens because different magnification taken in different distances will give you different perspective.

Secondly,the depth-of-field, to provide a three-dimensional effect. You will need a smaller aperture lens to increase the amount of sharpness to the targeted object and create blurry effect on the background.

Lighting is also one major consideration in macro photography because taking picture close to the subject using built-in flash will either partially illuiminate the subject or not illuminate at all. Built-in flash may also be too strong for close-up photos and may not be able to reduce the power to compensate the close distance. Oftentimes, lighting would be a problem because the camera may be too close to the subject that there isn't room to light the front of the subject or the camera itself may cast shadow on the subject.

The subject appears very bright because of too powerful built-in flash
The subject is not properly illuminated because the camera is too close to the subject.

Lastly, a perfect macro photography must consider the right composition. Good composition is as important with macro photography as with any other type of picture taking. The goal is to create a clear and pleasing composition when even small changes in camera position can drastically modify the arrangement of your subjects. If you are taking pictures of inanimate objects, you might be able to arrange the subjects any way you like. If you'are attempting to capture animate objects like insects or any other tiny living creatures, you will not have that luxury of arranging them the way you want it.


Henry Chiah said...

i am very poor in makro shooting ... hope to improve more over this so that i can take better diamond ring photos during wedding shooting.

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